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Title: Triterpenoids from Momordica balsamina with a Collateral Sensitivity Effect for Tackling Multidrug Resistance in Cancer Cells.
Authors: Ramalhete, Cátia
Mulhovo, Silva
Lage, Hermanm
Ferreira, Maria José
Issue Date: Jul-2018
Publisher: Planta Medica
Abstract: The collateral sensitivity effect is among the most promising strategies for overcoming multidrug resistance in cancer. In this work, 28 cucurbitane-type triterpenoids (1: -28: ), previously isolated from the African medicinal plant Momordica balsamina and its derivatives, were evaluated for their collateral sensitivity effect on three different human cancer entities, gastric (EPG85-257), pancreatic (EPP85-181), and colon (HT-29), each with two different multidrug-resistant variants. One was selected for its resistance to daunorubicin (EPG85-257RDB, EPP85-181RDB, HT-29RDB) and the other was selected for its resistance to mitoxantrone (EPG85-257RNOV, EPP85-181RNOV, HT-29RNOV). On gastric cell lines, the best results were obtained for compounds 3: and 10: , which exhibited a collateral sensitivity effect together with high antiproliferative activity. In turn, on colon cancer cell lines, the best multidrug resistance-selective antiproliferative effects were observed for derivatives 11, 13: , and 15: , which showed collateral sensitivity effects against both resistant variants. Compounds 11: and 3: were also the most selective against the multidrug resistance pancreatic cells lines. Some compounds, such 6, 10, 11: and 15: , were previously found to be strong P-glycoprotein modulators, thus highlighting their potential as promising leads for overcoming multidrug resistance in cancer cells.
Appears in Collections:CS/CN - Artigos

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